Iceland maintains strong International Relations with most countries. It is a member of the UN, NATO and the Nordic Council. The Nordic Council is an inter-parliamentary body between Iceland, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, along with the territories of Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Åland. There is strong co-operation on many issues between these countries.
Iceland is also a member of the European Economic Area, along with Norway and Liechtenstein. This means that it is not a full EU member, but does have some benefits, including access to the single market. Iceland had applied to join the EU in 2009, but the majority of Icelanders are against EU membership, and the threat of a referendum meant the application was withdrawn. The main reason for opposition to EU membership is due to the importance of fishing to Iceland’s economy, something that the Common Fisheries Policy of the EU would complicate.
This article has detailed the differences in governance, economy and other areas Iceland has against the UK. It is interesting to see the impact that physical geography can have on different areas of life for the people of Iceland. I would highly recommend anyone to visit the country. The views are breath-taking, and I spent most of my times in awe at what I was seeing.