Revising and understanding vast amounts of information in the A-Level course can be difficult. With our Summary Grids, you can learn entire topics using a single page.

Our Summary Grids are written for both Edexcel and AQA courses.

While we work on updating our Summary Grids, we have published our Key Thinker grids for both Core and Non-Core Political Ideas, including Conservatism, Liberalism, Socialism, Anarchism, Ecologism, Feminism, Multiculturalism and Nationalism.

A Level Politics Summary Grids

Who are the A Level Politics Key Thinkers?

As part of your study of politics, you will encounter 20 key thinkers (21 for AQA), and you need to memorise what part of the ideology they wrote about, how they influenced the ideology and some key texts. You must know the following key thinkers and texts:

Conservatism

  • Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)
  • Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
  • Michael Oakeshott, On Human Conduct (1975)
  • Ayn Rand, The Fountainhead (1943)
  • Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State and Utopia (1974)

Liberalism

  • John Locke, Two Treaties of Government (1690)
  • Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792)
  • John Stuart Mill, On Liberty (1859)
  • Thomas Hill Green, Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation (1895)
  • John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (1971)
  • Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique (1963)

Socialism

  • Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848)
  • Beatrice Webb, A Constitution for the Socialist Commonwealth of Great Britain (1920)
  • Rosa Luxemburg, Social Reform or Revolution (1899)
  • Anthony Crosland, The Future of Socialism (1956)
  • Anthony Giddens, The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy (1998)

Anarchism

  • Max Stirner, The Ego and His Own
  • Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, What is Property?
  • Mikhail Bakunin, God and the State
  • Peter Kropotkin, Mutual Aid
  • Emma Goldman, Anarchism and Other Essays

Ecologism

  • Aldo Leopold
  • Rachel Carson
  • E.F. Schumacher
  • Murray Bookchin
  • Carolyn Merchant

Feminism

  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman
  • Simone de Beauvoir
  • Kate Millett
  • Sheila Rowbotham
  • bell hooks

Multiculturalism

  • Isaiah Berlin
  • Charles Taylor
  • Bhikhu Parekh
  • Tariq Modood
  • Will Kymlicka

Nationalism

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Johann Gottfried von Herder
  • Giuseppe Mazzini
  • Charles Maurras
  • Marcus Garvey

Links to the key texts from key thinkers are available in our Revision Playlist.